Skip to content


Background of Twenty-one

[ English ]

Blackjack – also known as ‘twenty-one’ and ‘pontoon’ – is a game that is usually seen in a betting house with players attempting their luck on acquiring the elusive ‘21′. It is commonly believed that the game started in France through the 1600’s. However, as with most other gambling games the precise evolution of the game is still a mystery.

Blackjack was introduced to the US after the French Revolution, but the game did not become favored in the betting houses until the casino offered bonus payouts. This was the only way that appeared to get players wagering on blackjack. One variant on the reward pay out was for a player to make ‘twenty one’ with the blackjack card (worth ten points) and an ace (worth 11 points). With the growing popularity of the game the bonus pay outs were canceled but the name of the game ‘chemin de fer’ remained.

Chemin de fer is not just about acquiring an immediate ‘21′, but the primary challenge is to beat the dealer without busting. The betting house obviously has a house edge over the gambling players in the long term, but with chemin de fer the player holds on to a bit of choice.

Since 1931 when the U.S. first legitimized betting, black jack has become a quintessential gambling den card game. Furthermore, it’s the joining of both ability and math utilized in black jack that has caused the game to be massively liked. Black jack provides an attractive adventure to any academic, mathematician or gambling player looking to research the strategy of the game.

Posted in Blackjack.

0 Responses

Stay in touch with the conversation, subscribe to the RSS feed for comments on this post.

You must be logged in to post a comment.